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2015年1月31日星期六

Relationship between Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

It is common that a patient have both Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease, but then why? Is it the Hypertension that causes Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Kidney Disease which causes Hypertension? The fact is Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease interacts in different ways.
First of all, Chronic Kidney Disease can cause Hypertension through many approaches. Kidney is an important organ in our body which helps to excrete toxic substances, metabolin as well as other kinds of wastes existed in the blood. While kidneys are damaged, these waste products can not be discharged in time, as a result, they pile up in the blood vessels. As time goes by, waste products accumulating in the blood will block blood vessel, which makes blood can not flow smoothly. Consequently, blood pressure increase (High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease).
Moreover, damages of renal tissues which excrete prostaglandin can give rise to increase of blood pressure, because prostaglandin has great ability in lowering blood pressure.
Apart from these, damaged renal intrinsic cells can also bring about the increase of renin which will promote the increase of blood pressure. Chronic Kidney Disease is a disease which not only causes Hypertension, but also causes damages to our other organs.
In verse, Hypertension also can cause Chronic Kidney Disease by damaging kidneys and this kind of Chronic Kidney Disease is called Hypertensive Nephropathy. For people with Hypertension, the blood pressure in their blood vessels is higher and with long-term high blood pressure, high perfusion state in glomeruli will give rise to the damage in filtration membrane. As a result, protein can not be stopped from being leaked out. As more and more protein leak out, kidneys are damaged further. Consequently, Chronic Kidney Disease is formed.

Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease matter to each other from different aspects. They not only cause the occurrence of another disease, but also aggravate each other. Therefore, no matter for people with Chronic Kidney Disease or Hypertension, preventing the formation of another disease is very important. For more information, please consult our consultant online or email to me

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