Wish the patients with kidney disease a happy Christmas day ahead of time

2015年1月25日星期日

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stage 4

People suffering from stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in the glomerular filtration rate to 15~30ml/min.
Since the glomerular filtration rate of CKD in stage 4 is so low, at that time, the kidneys can not help us live a normal life any more. With serious impairment of renal function, people with suffering from stage 4 CKD usually have the following several symptoms.
* Urination change: Our kidneys have the unction of regulating the generation of urine. As to people with stage 4 CKD, their kidneys are damaged and can not regulate the generation of urine any more, so their urination condition is different from healthy people. They may have to get up for several times to urinate at night and their urine may appear to be brown, red, dark orange and teat colored. In addition, they usually found there are lots of foams in their urine.
* Edema: As kidneys lose their ability of regulating fluid, for people with stage 4 CKD, they usually have swelling around their eyelids, in their face and inside their ankles.
* Fatigue(Fatigue and Kidney Disease): Renal damages can causes decrease of red blood cells, which is called anemia in clinic. With anemia, people suffering from CKD stage 4 will feel tired all the time.
* Itchy skin(Skin Itching and Kidney Disease): Accumulation of toxic substances caused by impairment of renal function will give rise to itchy skin, muscle cramp and restless legs, which always make awaking at night.
*Backache: In general, people with CKD in stage 4 have no backache, but with some kinds of kidney diseases such as Polycystic Kidney Disease, Kidney Cyst or infections, they may feel pain in the location of their kidneys.

Generally speaking, it is necessary for people with Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) Stage 4 to learn about dialysis or kidney transplant because without effective treatment, they will face dialysis or kidney transplant. However, it does not mean that people with CKD in stage 4 will eventually do dialysis or kidney transplant. As long as they receive effective treatment and then bring their disease under control, it is possible for them to avoid dialysis and kidney transplant. for more information or treatment of CKD in stage 4, you can email to me or consult our consultant online.

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