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2015年1月25日星期日

Brief Introduction about Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)

Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a kind of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the followings are the brief introduction about it.
What is FSGS?
FSGS means the formation of scars in the kidneys and it can only be seen clearly under the microscope. FSGS is the primary glomerular disease which is common in Nephrotic Syndrome and it occurs mainly in youngsters.
Symptoms of FSGS
Among people with FSGS, about two-thirds of them have massive proteinurine and serious swelling. Over half of the sufferers have hematuria which includes gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria. In addition, microscopic hematuria is more common. With different pathological category, people suffering from FSGS will have different symptoms.
Causes of FSGS
To be honest, no one knows the fully causes of FSGS and in clinic, different disease can cause the same appearance in the kidney and it seems that the general cause of it is immunological.
Complications of FSGS
FSGS can cause many complications which refer to infection, thrombus, acute renal failure as well as dysfunction of protein and fat. Among these complications, thrombus is caused by hyperlipidaemia which may also cause complications in cardiovascular Immunotherapy. Moreover, decrease of immune globulin can give rise to lower immunity, which makes people are susceptible to other diseases.
Prevention of FSGS
To avoid FSGS, we should start from our daily life. About diet, we should arrange a scientific diet and try to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Do exercises regularly which will help to increase our immunity. Avoid overstrain and form good living habits. Besides, for these who already have diagnosed with FSGS, apart from the several points mentioned above, they also should prevent the complications as these complications may speed up the progress of their disease and sometimes, the complications are the real causes of their death.

Compared with other kinds of Chronic Kidney Disease, although FSGS is not so common, it has deprived so many people’s life. Therefore, having a though knowledge about is very necessary.

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