Wish the patients with kidney disease a happy Christmas day ahead of time

2015年1月31日星期六

About Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stage 3 Information

Whether you know it or not, firstly I want to say owing to the great reserve capacity, Chronic Kidney Disease is hard to be found or realized in the early stage and this is the reason why people have been in stage 3 of Chronic Kidney Disease, while some abnormal symptoms appear. Since Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 is so prevalent among patients, then for these patients, what information they should know?
Firstly, knowing the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stage 3 is very necessary. Our kidneys are composed of tens of thousands of renal intrinsic cells and it is very these renal tissues that play their functions every minute so as to make us live normally. When the renal tissues are damaged and can not play a part in maintaining our life, then a series of abnormal signs will appear. First and foremost, great amount of proteinuria which is the typical manifestation for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease is inevitable. Other symptoms such as fatigue, swelling and urinary changes are the symptoms that we can feel or see. Urinary changes may show as frequent urination at night, foamy urine, oliguria and hematuria (Gross hematuria is visible, which manifested with red urine. Detection of microhematuria needs the help of microscopy). Apart from these, patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease which also belongs to Chronic Kidney Disease usually have backache.

Secondly, find out how to treat Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 correctly is the key point. According to the international standard, glomerular filtration rate of Chronic Kidney Disease in stage 3 ranges from 30 ml/min/1.73m2 to59 ml/min/1.73m2. In this stage, more than half of the renal tissues have been damaged, so excessive electrolyte, toxic substances and waste products which should have been excreted by these tissues can not be removed, causing the appearance of different symptoms. Therefore, if we want to get these symptoms disappeared radically, we should stop our renal tissues from being damaged and then repair the damaged tissues. As for the necrotic tissues, we can use new and healthy renal tissues to replace them. Only in this way, can our kidney replay their function, so that we can live the normal life. Furthermore, patients with Chronic Kidney Disease in stage 3 ought to receive treatment as soon as possible, so as to avoid the aggravation of their disease.

Diagnosis of FSGS in Clinic

The diagnosis of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) mainly depends on the clinical manifestations of patients and the renal biopsy examination result. Having an exact diagnosis of primary disease is the key part of treating Chronic Kidney Disease.
FSGS can invade people of various ages, but children and teenagers are more easy to get it. The average age of getting the disease is 21, and it always happens when people are younger than 40 years old.
The main manifestations in clinic of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is Nephrotic Syndrome. Patients suffer from mass proteinuria and serious edema. Microscopic hematuria is common, and it always appears when there is obvious proliferation of mesangial cells. About 2/3 of the patients with Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) have high blood pressure. In some cases, before getting FSGS, patients can have infection in their upper respiratory tract, and in turn, the infection will aggravate the clinical manifestations of FSGS.
The examination in lab will show red blood cells and non-selectable urinary protein. Urine with dextrose, amino acid, and phosphate will appear, indicating that the function of renal tubules has been damaged to some degree. Besides, the index of serum IgG may decrease. Also, most patients suffer from a progressively decline of kidney function.
Therefore, in clinic, if one has Nephrotic Syndrome, simple proteinuria accompanied with damaged renal tubules, or Nephrotic Syndrome accompanied with Hypertension, hematuria and non-selective proteinuria, especially when those children who are not sensitive to hormone medication, they have much possibility to have Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) . However, the definite diagnosis needs to be done with renal biopsy.
The renal biopsy can show the pathological changes exactly. Glomeruli will have focal segmental hyaline changes, and glomeruli which have no pathological changes will have slight proliferation. Sclerosed capillaries in glomeruli will have cohesion with renal capsule. What's more, renal mesenchyme will have focal changes and foam-like cells. In the immune pathology examination, deposition of IgM and C3 appear in the area where there are sclerosed glomeruli.

Many other diseases will have similar pathological changes of tissues with Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), including minimal change kidney disease, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, IgA Nephropathy, kidney disease related to heroin, chronic rejection after kidney transplant, etc. Therefore, to have a reliable diagnosis of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), clinical manifestations, pathological changes based on lab examinations, and also the disease history and other related information need to be taken into consideration. To have a better treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease, the primary disease should be treat well at first, so diagnosis should be attached great importance to. If you want to know more about Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), you are welcome to talk with the consultant online or leave a message to me.

Relationship between Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

It is common that a patient have both Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease, but then why? Is it the Hypertension that causes Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Kidney Disease which causes Hypertension? The fact is Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease interacts in different ways.
First of all, Chronic Kidney Disease can cause Hypertension through many approaches. Kidney is an important organ in our body which helps to excrete toxic substances, metabolin as well as other kinds of wastes existed in the blood. While kidneys are damaged, these waste products can not be discharged in time, as a result, they pile up in the blood vessels. As time goes by, waste products accumulating in the blood will block blood vessel, which makes blood can not flow smoothly. Consequently, blood pressure increase (High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease).
Moreover, damages of renal tissues which excrete prostaglandin can give rise to increase of blood pressure, because prostaglandin has great ability in lowering blood pressure.
Apart from these, damaged renal intrinsic cells can also bring about the increase of renin which will promote the increase of blood pressure. Chronic Kidney Disease is a disease which not only causes Hypertension, but also causes damages to our other organs.
In verse, Hypertension also can cause Chronic Kidney Disease by damaging kidneys and this kind of Chronic Kidney Disease is called Hypertensive Nephropathy. For people with Hypertension, the blood pressure in their blood vessels is higher and with long-term high blood pressure, high perfusion state in glomeruli will give rise to the damage in filtration membrane. As a result, protein can not be stopped from being leaked out. As more and more protein leak out, kidneys are damaged further. Consequently, Chronic Kidney Disease is formed.

Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease matter to each other from different aspects. They not only cause the occurrence of another disease, but also aggravate each other. Therefore, no matter for people with Chronic Kidney Disease or Hypertension, preventing the formation of another disease is very important. For more information, please consult our consultant online or email to me

What Are the Five Stages of Diabetic Nephropathy

With high morbidity, Diabetic Nephropathy is one of the most serious complications of Diabetes. Diabetic Nephropathy which is a kind of Chronic Kidney Disease refers to the glomerulosclerosis caused by long-term high blood glucose and this course can be divided into five stages in clinic. The following are the basic information about every stage of Diabetic Nephropathy.
● Glomerular High Filtration Stage
In this stage, glomerular filtration rate achieves as high as one hundred and twenty percent to one hundred and forty percent and people with Diabetic Nephropathy have enlarged kidneys. Normally, as long as patient with stage one Diabetic Nephropathy has better about their blood glucose, then the pathological changes appearing in their kidneys is reversible.
● Normal Albuminuria Stage
In this stage, the glomerular filtration rate is still high and meanwhile, intermittent microalbuminuria can be found. The excretion of protein in urine is normal at rest, but higher after exercises.
● Early Stage of Diabetic Nephropathy
In this stage, glomerular filtration rate begins to decrease and it is normal or somewhat lower than the normal value. Moreover, high blood pressure and persistent microalbuminuria are the symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy in this stage. Furthermore, in this stage, excretion rate of protein increases, even if patients do not do any exercise.
● Clinical Diabetic Nephropathy
Usually, patients with this stage Diabetic Nephropathy will have large amount of proteinuria, swelling and high blood pressure in the following three or four years. In this stage, glomerular filtration rate is significantly lower than normal value.
● End Stage of Renal Failure
Due to the thickness of glomerular basilar membrane, glomerular capillary lumen has a progressive narrowing. More and more glomerular dies, renal function will decreases, leading to the occurrence of renal failure. Usually, in this stage, kidneys have lost almost all their functions and patients can not live a full life.

What need to be paid attention about this kind of Chronic Kidney Disease is that the natural progress of each stage of Diabetic Nephropathy is three to five years. That is to say if patients with Diabetic Nephropathy leave their disease uncontrolled, then their disease will develop into renal failure within at most twenty years. Therefore, to stop the rapid development of Diabetic Nephropathy, receiving treatment timely is very necessary.

About Stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease Information

Chronic Kidney Disease refers to the progressive loss of renal function over several months or even years. On the basis of glomerular filtration rate, the long course of losing renal function is separated into five stages. Besides, when Chronic Kidney Disease develops into stage 4, if patients still do not receive treatment, then they have to prepare for dialysis or kidney transplant.
In stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease, glomerular filtration rate ranges from 15~29 ml/min/1.73m2 which indicates that kidneys have lost most of their functions and if at that time patients still do not receive effective treatment, then they have to prepare for dialysis and kidney transplant. Moreover, when glomerular filtration rate decreases to this range, usually symptoms appeared in patients become more severe. Then what symptoms do patients with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease have?
First of all, patients with Chronic Kidney Disease in stage 4 usually have high blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease, however, at the same time, it will aggravate this disease, therefore, once high blood pressure appears, patients with Chronic Kidney Disease should take some related medicines to control their blood pressure, so as to avoid the deterioration of their disease.
Secondly, urination change may become more obvious. As kidneys lose their ability in keeping protein and red blood cells from being leaked, hematuria and foamy urine may become more serious. Furthermore, in order to avoid the aggravation of proteinuria, patients with Chronic Kidney Disease are asked to limit the intake of protein.
Thirdly, swelling may not only appear in their face and inside of ankles, but also appear in their lower limbs and other parts of their body. Swelling is caused by the retention of excessive water and sodium. Therefore, if patients with Chronic Kidney Disease, they are not allowed to ingest too much salt.
Fourthly, patients with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease may also suffer from sleep problem. With damaged kidneys, great amount of toxin accumulates in their body which will cause itchy skin through different approaches.

The above several symptoms are the common symptoms appeared in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease stage 4. However, apart from these, they may have other symptoms such as lower appetite, fatigue, vomit and so on. Anyhow, no matter what symptoms they have, if they do not receive treatment, then they have to prepare for dialysis or kidney transplant. Thereby, receiving effective treatment as soon as possible is the only way for them to control their disease. For more information, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

Topic in World Diabetes Day November 14th, 2011

Diabetes, as one of the oldest diseases, always can cause renal damages and thus to result in Chronic Kidney Disease. Since Diabetes is such a harmful disease, World Diabetes Day is founded to spread related knowledge. Besides, to reduce harms from Diabetes, a topic about Diabetes is made in every World Diabetes Day and the topic in this year is immediate action to Diabetes.
November 14th, 2011 is the fifth World Diabetes Day and as living style changes, incidence of Diabetes is on the rise. With increasing morbidity, Diabetes is worth knowing for us every body. Factors which can cause Diabetes are common in our daily life such asobesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, drinking alcohol and insufficiency of exercises. Moreover, complications of Diabetes which include Diabetic Nephropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy, heart cerebrovascular disease as well as thromboembolism all can produce bad influences on people’s health. As Diabetes brings about so many damages to us, preventing its occurrence is very essential.
Facing such a life-threatening disease, taking some preventive measures in our daily life is very necessary. For example, doing some physical exercises can help us to maintain reasonable body weight, so as to lower the incidence of Diabetes. In fact, just doing exercises is not enough. In our daily life, limiting the intake of sugar is very important as well. Moreover, for these who have been diagnosed with Diabetes, measuring blood sugar regularly is requisite.

Compared with Chronic Kidney Disease which is an intractable disease, Diabetes is not so terrible; so even we are diagnosed with it, we should not worry about too much. One more thing, once we suffer from Diabetes, controlling blood sugar actively is the first thing for them to prevent its aggravation.

2015年1月30日星期五

Why Is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Associated with Decreased GFR

GRF, Short for glomerular filtration rat, may be not so familiar to some people. GFR refers to the leachate volume filtered out by the two kidneys in unite time. Generally speaking, decreased GFR is the typical characteristic of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Then why is Chronic Kidney Disease associated with decreased GFR?
It is known to all that our kidneys have filtration function, but you may not know it is the different functional cells play the filtration function. Normally, the filtration function is performed by glomerular mechanical barrier and charge barrier which is the joint action of the functional cells. Under the effect of these two barriers, toxic substances and other waste products in blood will be filtered out of our body and meanwhile, the nutrient substances are reabsorbed by renal tubules. This is the normal condition of kidneys.
When it comes to Chronic Kidney Disease, we usually take GFR as the standard of measuring renal function. With the invasion of disease, our body will produce antibody to against these virus and then as a result, immune complexes will be generated. Since blood component is changed, kidneys have to work more to excrete these wastes, which, exactly, beyond the service ability of our kidneys. With long-term overwork, functional cells will be damaged gradually. Consequently, GFR decreases. In this light, we can get the conclusion that decrease GFR appearing among people with Chronic Kidney Disease is actually caused by the damage of renal functional cells.

As GFR decreases, the leachate volume excreted by glomeruls decreases therewith, leading to the accumulation of these toxic substances in blood. We know toxic substances can cause damages to many of our organs, which will cause other diseases. That is to say, if we leave Chronic Kidney Disease uncontrolled, some complications will appear. Therefore, once we suffer from Chronic Kidney Disease, we should receive effective treatment as early as possible, so as to avoid damaging other organs. For more information, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

High Creatinine Level in Chronic Kidney Disease

With a series of symptoms, high creatinine level always indicates Chronic Kidney Disease. Then what is creatinine and why high creatinine level appears among people with Chronic Kidney Disease?
Creatinine is the metabolin of meats in our body and it is usually discharged through glomeruli. We all know glomerulus plays barrier function which is performed by mechanical barrier function and charge barrier function. As to the mechanical barrier, it only allows substance with small molecular weight to get through. Creatinine is small molecule, so it can get through these holds smoothly. Creatinine is seldom absorbed by renal tubules, so most of the creatinine excreted by us is discharged everyday and this is the normal condition in our body.
As to people with Chronic Kidney Disease, under the invasion of virus, renal intrinsic cells will be damaged someday, leading to the damage of glomerulus. Once glomerulus is damaged, the filtration function will be impaired and as a result, creatinine which should have been discharged can not be excreted any more. With the retention of creatinine, high creatinine level appears. This is the reason why high creatinine level usually appears among people with Chronic Kidney Disease.
Change of creatinine level usually depends on the glomerular filtration rate. For people with Chronic Kidney Disease, with time goes by, more and more glomeruli are damaged and then more and more creatinine accumulates in their body. Therefore, in this light, creatinine level can indicate the severity of Chronic Kidney Disease. That is to say, the more severity the Chronic Kidney Disease is, the higher the creatinine level is.

Many factors can cause high creatinine level and high creatinine level is one of the tests of detecting renal function. According to creatinine level, we can get the rough number of healthy renal units. Although creatinine level plays such a special role in detecting renal function, high creatinine level not always meaning there are renal damage. For more information, you are welcome to leave messages to me or consult our consultant online.

Does Back Pain Mean Chronic Kidney Disease

Some people with Chronic Kidney Disease usually have back pain symptom and when doctors diagnose a disease, they always ask people whether they have back pain symptom. Therefore, some people will regard back pain as the indication of Chronic Kidney Disease. Then does back pain mean Chronic Kidney Disease?
Actually, when doctors ask people whether they have back pain, the doctors mean whether people feel pain in the location of their kidneys. It is known to all that we human have two kidneys which look like a pair of broad beans and this pair of kidneys play an important role in our life. As there are no sensory nerves in renal parenchyma, so, normally, people will not feel pain in the location of their kidneys; however, since so, why some people with Chronic Kidney Disease still feel pain in their kidney location?
Usually, for people with Chronic Kidney Disease, the pain in kidneys is caused by the pull to ureter, pelvis and renal capsule. Besides, the pain related to kidneys is divided into three types which are renal colic, dull pain and distending pain in the location of kidneys. Among these, renal colic can be manifested as intermitted pain in the location of kidneys. Moreover, people with renal colic may have vomit, nausea, pale face, sweating and hematuria and so on. Dull pain usually is persistent and it is commonly seen among people with acute nephritis, Polycystic Kidney Disease, and hydronephrosis. Distending pain refers to the persistent sharp pain and it usually appears among people with perirenal diseases such as perinephrc abscess, renal infarction, perinephritis and perirenal hematoma and so on.

Although back pain(Back Pain and Kidney Disease) is one of the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease, some people with Chronic Kidney Disease may have no this symptom. In fact, back pain not only can be caused by kidney disease, but also arise from lumber muscle strain, lumber hyperosteogeny and back sprain and so on. Therefore, back pain does not always indicate Chronic Kidney Disease. In spite of this, if you have back pain without doing drastic exercises, you should go to do examination and find out the root causes of the back pain, so as not to miss the diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease. For more information, please email to or consult our consultant online.

Why Is Nephritis Easy To Relapse

Most of people with Nephritis may have experience that even a minor disease can cause the relapse of their disease. Relapse of Nephritis can be caused by many factors and what can we get from the recurrent Nephritis?
First of all, we all know that if we do not treat our disease fundamentally, then it will be easy to relapse and even if it is a minor disease. Therefore, if people have repeated Nephritis after the treatment, then it may indicate that their disease is not treated fundamentally. Moreover, improper treatment not only makes patients miss the optimal time for fundamental treatment, but also aggravates their disease; therefore, choosing an effective treatment is of primary importance.
Secondly, relapse of Nephritis may also imply that you do not have a reasonable living habit and diet. For example, if people with Nephritis ingest too much salt and potassium which will increase their kidney burden, their disease will relapse. Besides, overstrain will also cause relapse of Nephritis.
Thirdly, apart from the above two points, relapse of Nephritis may also tell us that we ever got infection or we ever have been in a state of stress. Among these, infection of bacterium and virus is the most common cause of relapse of Nephritis, especially the infection of upper respiratory tract, flu, pharyngitis, asymptomatic bacteriuria.

Causes of Nephritis are various and similar with it, relapse of Nephritis can also be caused by many factors. Actually, apart from these, disorder of acid-base and electrolyte is also the cause of acute deterioration of Nephritis. Aggravated Nephritis finally will lead to end stage of renal failure. Therefore, to avoid the relapse of Nephritis, people with it should receive effective treatment as early as possible and at the same forming a good living and diet habit. For more information, please email to or consult our consultant online.

Is It Possible for Us to Prevent Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

We all know Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) means the progressive loss of renal function over a period of time which may refer to several months or even several years and once we suffer from it, it is very hard for us to get rid of this disease. Since Chronic Kidney Disease is so terrible, then is it possible for us to prevent it by taking some preventive measures in our daily life?
It is known to all that everything arise from many causes and conditions, so as long as we avoid the inducing factors, it is possible for us to prevent Chronic Kidney Disease. Chronic Kidney Disease can be triggered by many diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and glomerulonephritis, which accounts for about approximately seventy five percent of all adult cases. Besides, most of the time, these diseases are caused by unhealthy living habit, including unscientific dietary principles. Therefore, to prevent Chronic Kidney Disease, forming a healthy living habit is of great importance.
Generally speaking, apart from the genetic factor, long-term ingestion of too much fat and saccharide is another major cause of Diabetes. Thereby, we should do more exercises in our daily life to maintain a healthy body weight and so as to prevent Diabetes, which will lower the morbidity of Chronic Kidney Disease therewith. Moreover, avoid eating too much sweet food is also very helpful. As to Hypertension which is characterized by the persistent high blood pressure, it is usually associated with Diabetes. In this light, preventing Diabetes means preventing Hypertension in some way. Glomerulonephritis mainly arise from virus or bacterium infection, so seeing from this aspect, paying more attention to hygiene is necessary as well.

Preventing Chronic Kidney Disease actually is not so difficult and although we can not control the occurrence of it completely, as long as we do what we can in our daily life, the incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease will be lowered effectively. This is just the basic information about preventing Chronic Kidney Disease, if you want to know more about the protective measures, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

Should People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Do Exercises

Most of the People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) wonder whether they should do exercises. As we know, once we suffer from some diseases, we are always told to stay in bed and have a good rest. However, it is widely known that doing exercise can help to enhance our immunity and thus to against disease. Well then, which opinion is right and should people with Chronic Kidney Disease do exercises on earth?
Just as an old saying goes: life lies in movement. Exercise makes healthy people healthier and makes patients recover. Moreover, seeing from pathological changes, almost all the people with Chronic Kidney Disease have different levels of blood circulation disorder and slowed blood flow. Reduced blood volume in kidneys makes nutrient substances be in short supply, which will give rise to damage or death of renal intrinsic cells. We all know doing some exercises can speed up our heartbeat and thus to promote blood circulation, which will enable renal cells get more nutrient substances. In this case, doing exercises is beneficial to people with Chronic Kidney Disease.
However, some people may worry that doing exercises will aggravate their symptoms like microscopic hematuria, edema and especially the proteinuria. Undoubtedly, drastic exercises will deteriorate some manifestations, but we can not stay in bed all the time just for keeping the indexes in the normal range, so doing some exercises is necessary.
Even though doing exercises is healthful, choosing the correct activity is very important for people with Chronic Kidney Disease and the suitable activities for people with Chronic Kidney Disease include walking and playing Taiji.

Moreover, for people with Chronic Kidney Disease, through doing moderate exercises, symptom of lower appetite may be relieved at the same time. As it has so many advantages, people with Chronic Kidney Disease should try to do some exercises in their daily life, so as to recover quickly. For more information, please email to me or consult our consultant online, we will try our best to help you.

2015年1月29日星期四

About Chronic Kidney Disease Stages information

With a series of complicated symptoms, the long development course of Chronic Kidney Disease is divided into five stages in clinic. The stages of Chronic Kidney Disease are mainly based on the measurement of glomerular filtration rate.
Normally, if glomerular filtration rate is not lower than 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and there are abnormalities point to kidney disease, then this person will be diagnosed with stage 1 Chronic Kidney Disease, even if the kidney function is normal. Gradually, when glomerular filtration rate decreases to the range from 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2, meanwhile, there are renal damage founded by examination, and then we can say, Chronic Kidney Disease has run to stage 2. Generally, there are no obvious symptoms during these two stages; therefore, Chronic Kidney Disease in early stage is easy to be neglected.
Without effective treatment, Chronic Kidney Disease will development into stage 3 which is characterized by glomerular filtration rate from 30 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m2. Typically, symptoms such as swelling, hematuria(Hematuria and Kidney Disease) and foamy urine and some others will appear during this stage. Although stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease has a certain distance from end stage of Chronic Kidney Disease, receiving effective treatment is of primary importance for the recovery.
As time goes by, stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease with glomerular filtration rate in the range from 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2 is more difficult to be treated. What’s worse, many severe complications such as vascular diseases are prone to appear in this stage. Therefore, to avoid damages to our other organs, people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease should receive treatment as early as possible.
If we just leave it alone, then Chronic Kidney Disease will eventually develop into stage 5 in which stage the glomerular filtration rate is lower than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2. Generally speaking, people with stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease have to undergo dialysis or kidney transplant.

These are the five stages based on the glomerular filtration rate and if you want to know more details about the five stages, please email to me or consult our consultant on line.

About Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3 information

As suffers from Chronic Kidney Disease usually have diverse symptoms with different severity of disease, the long course of Chronic Kidney Disease is separated into five stages. Most of the time, symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease appear in stage 3, then what are the symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease and what does it mean for its suffers?
Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease in stage 3
With stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease, people usually have glomerular filtration rate ranging from 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m2. Glomerular filtration rate reflects the stand or fall of renal function, so on the basis of it, we can have general information about our kidneys. Decreased glomerular filtration rate means impaired kidney function. Therefore, suffers from stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease have s series of abnormal signs as their kidneys can not help them maintain the basic activities. The possible symptoms appearing among people with Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 include foamy urine, hematuria (Hematuria and Kidney Disease), swelling, urination change, fatigue, back or flank pain, vomit, nausea, skin itch and lower appetite. Due to the different causes of renal damages, people with stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease may just have some of these symptoms.
What does stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease mean?
Our kidneys have great reserve capacity, so people usually have no obvious symptoms in the early stage of Chronic Kidney Disease, which leads to the stealthiness of it and it is very due to this, Chronic Kidney Disease in early stage, say stage 1 and stage 2, is not easy to be found. Therefore, occurrence of a series of symptoms usually indicates that kidneys have been damaged greatly. That is to say, Chronic Kidney Disease in stage 3 actually already is very serious. Therefore, people with stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease should receive treatment as soon as possible; otherwise, they will face kidney transplant or dialysis.

People with stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease are usually not very worried as they think their disease is not so serious or dangerous. Actually, if they just leave their disease alone, Chronic Kidney Disease will eventually develop into end stage and be life-threatening. Any questions, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

What You Can Do After Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

It is very hard for us, including our family and friends, to accept the fact of diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). However, although Chronic Kidney Disease is an intractable disease, in our life, there are many adoptable measures which can go a long way towards helping control the disease.
First of all, if you are diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease, the fist thing you should do is to have a thorough knowledge about your disease, such as remaining renal function, glomerular filtration rate and size of your kidneys. After knowing these, you should take everything into account and then make a plan of action.
People suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease usually have increased possibility of getting many others diseases such as heart problem. Some diseases caused by Chronic Kidney Disease are life-threatening and sometimes they are the root causes resulting in people’s death. Therefore, another thing need to be done actively is to prevent different complications.
If your kidney disease is secondary disease which means the Chronic Kidney Disease is caused by other diseases such as Diabetes and Hypertension (Hypertensive Nephropathy), then have a better control about your primary disease is of great importance for your healthcare. You may be recommended by your doctors to ­­­­­­­­­­­­have a change about your diet, your life style and your living habits. However, no matter what you are asked to do, remember, they do good to your healthy and you should follow them.
One more thing which is the most important for you to do is to choose the correct treatment. Unsuitable treatment may not only make you miss the optimal time for treatment, but also accelerate the development of your disease. Therefore, choosing the correct treatment is of primary importance for you to get recovery. (For more details about choosing correct treatment, please consult our consultant online)

When all these things are done and your disease is brought under control, it is vital to tract your disease progress. That is all about things we can do after diagnosing with Chronic Kidney Disease. If there are any unclear or you want to know more personal guidance, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

About Chronic Kidney Disease Information

As a worldwide public health problem, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is easy to be neglected in our daily life because of its stealthiness. Therefore, most people do not know they have CKD at all until they are diagnosed with it.
With long course, CKD is divided into five stages based on the measurement of GFR (Glomerular Filtration Rate). Usually, there are no obvious symptoms in the early stage of CKD, say stage 1 and stage 2. When kidneys have difficulties in help us maintain the normal activities (generally in stage 3), a series of uncomfortable signs will appear, including swelling, foamy urine, urination changes, red urine, fatigue, lower or flank back pain, skin itch, vomit and nausea. As  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can be caused by different factors and due to the differences of damaging location, people with CKD may have all or just some of the above symptoms.
Although  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an intractable disease, most people with CKD do not die of kidney failure—they die of heart disease which is one of the most life-threatening complications of  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) . Hear disease is the causes of 40 percent to 50 percent of the deaths in  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and usually occurs as early as stage 3. Apart from this, high blood pressure and Diabetes are another two leading risk factors. They can not only cause  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) , but accelerate the progression of it. Therefore, preventing complications is of great importance for people with  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is the progressive loss of renal function and without any effective treatment, people with it will face dialysis or kidney transplant. However, just as we have known, dialysis is not the treatment, but a method helping people removing waste products from their body. Besides it, dialysis has many complications as well. Therefore, dialysis is not the suitable method for people with  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) . As to kidney transplant, let alone the hardness of finding suitable kidney, it is both expensive and full of danger. Hence, to avoid facing dialysis and kidney transplant, we should receive treatment as soon as possible once we are diagnosed with  Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). For the treatment, it should be aimed at treating kidney disease fundamentally; otherwise, our disease not only can not be brought under control, but also is aggravated. As for the specific treatment based on your disease, please consult our consultant online or leave message to me

Vital Stage 4 for People with Chronic Kidney Disease

With a series of severe symptoms and even serious complications, stage 4 plays a vital role for people with Chronic Kidney Disease. For some patients, conservative therapy without dialysis or kidney transplant is the appropriate option. To achieve this purpose, stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease is inevitable to be mentioned here.
As we know, Chronic Kidney Disease is a long course divided into five stages and stage 4 is the last second period. Generally speaking, people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease have to prepare for the dialysis or kidney transplant, however, as medical technology develops rapidly, timely treatment in stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease can help patients avoid dialysis or kidney transplant. That is to say, if people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease can receive the correct treatment, then it is very possible for them to be away from dialysis or kidney transplant.
With damaged kidneys, people suffering from stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease usually have some severe complications which may become the root cause of their eventual death. Moreover, people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease usually have serious symptoms such as high blood pressure, itchy skin, swelling and fatigue which is caused by renal anemia, and these symptoms not only show how serious their disease is, but also accelerate the progress of Chronic Kidney Disease. Although dialysis and kidney transplant are some of the choices for people with Chronic Kidney Disease, it is quite hard for people to find a matched kidney and even if they find one, some risk factors such as rejection will put them in danger again, furthermore, kidney transplant is very expensive. As to dialysis, I quite sure that nobody wants to undergo it as it is too gnawing for people to bear; besides it, dialysis is addictive which means once people receive it, then it is nearly impossible for them to get rid of it. Therefore, let alone the life-threatening complications, to avoid the tortuous dialysis or expensive kidney transplant, people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease should receive effective treatment as soon as possible.

All in all, if people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease still leave their disease uncontrolled, then they will face dialysis or kidney transplant eventually. For more information, please leave message to me or consult our consultant online, we will try our best to offer you the most completed information.

Are We At Increased Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Nowadays, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has become more and more common and with the change of living style, more and more people are at the increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease. Well then, how do we know whether we are at increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease and if we were, then what should we do?
Are we at increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease?
First of all, if we want to know whether we are at the increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease, then we should know the several risk factors of it, which refer to Diabetes, Hypertension, and a family history of Chronic Kidney Disease. Diabetes and Hypertension are the two leading causes of Chronic Kidney Disease. Therefore, if we have two or one of them, then we will have an increased possibility of getting Kidney Disease. People whose parents or grandparents have Chronic Kidney Disease, and then compared with others who have no relatives with Chronic Kidney Disease, they are more likely to get this disease. Apart from these, people with old age have increased possibility of getting Chronic Kidney Disease, so for elder, they should do examination regularly, so as not to neglect the occurrence of this disease.
If we were at increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease, what then should we do?
If we are at increased risk for Chronic Kidney Disease, then we should have regular tests to pay close attention to our physical and the common tests for kidney function include routine urine test and routine blood test. Routine urine test usually can help to find out whether there are proteins in our urine. Protein is an important building block in our body, which should not appear in our urine and if our kidneys are damaged, then protein will leaks into our urine. In addition, large amount of protein in urine can be manifested with foamy urine. Therefore, we can have a close observation while we urinate. Routine blood test helps to measure the level of creatinine, a waste product that comes from muscle activity. Normally, creatinine (High Creatinine Levels) is removed by our kidneys and as kidneys are damaged, creatinine will pile up in our body. Measurement of creatinine can be used to estimate our glomerular filtration rate which can tell how much kidney function we have. Moreover, for people with Diabetes and Hypertension, controlling the blood pressure and blood sugar are very necessary for them.

With healthy living habits, it is possible for us to lower the possibility of getting Chronic Kidney Disease. if you want to the specific preventive measures, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

What do These Indexes Mean for People with Chronic Kidney Disease

People suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease must know clear the following indexes which will be beneficial for them to know well about their illness condition.
Index one: Serum Creatinine (High Creatinine Levels)
Creatinine is a waste product in our blood that comes from muscle activity. Normally, creatinine is discharged by our kidneys and as renal function is impaired, creatinine piles up in our body. creatinine is not susceptible to our diet, so elevated creatinine level can not be lowered through following some dietary principles. In addition, creatinine level usually does not increase at the early stage of Chronic Kidney Disease, so once increased creainine level always indicates that renal damage has existed for a long time.
Index two: Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
Glomerular Filtration Rate is called GFR sometimes and it may be estimated from our blood level of creatinine. GFR can tell how much renal function we have and on the basis of it, Chronic Kidney Disease is divided into five stages. In general, occurrence of abnormal symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease appears in stage 3.
Index three: Urine Protein
When your kidneys are damaged, large amount of protein will leak into your urine, which manifested as foamy urine. Proteinuria(Proteinuria and Kidney Disease) is one of the most important manifestations of Chronic Kidney Disease and it always tells that patients’ glomerular filtration membrane is damaged.
Index four: Blood Urine Nitrogen
Blood Urine Nitrogen is the metabolin of protein eaten by us. Similar with creatinien, it is usually removed from our body by kidneys, but when renal function slows down, the Blood Urine Nitrogen level rises. One more thing, increased level of Blood Urine Nitrogen also can be caused by the overeating of protein, so it can not indicate decreased renal function correctly all the time.

Besides, there are many indexes needing to be known by people with Chronic Kidney Disease, such as Microalbuminuria, Serum Albumin, Urine Creatinine, Hematocrit, Total Cholesterol, Potassium and Calcium and so on. All these indexes are helpful in diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease, and if there are abnormal indexes in your test reports, you can consult our consultant or leave message to me , we will try our best to help you find out the causes of them.

2015年1月28日星期三

Will Patients Die if They Have Chronic Kidney Disease

Some people aked me the same questions, 'I have been diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease, will I die? ' . Is there any other treatment for CKD other than dialysis?
Although patients with Chronic Kidney Disease will not die immediately, but if they can not receive an effective treatment in the early stage, the consequence of the disease in the end stage is very serious.
Will patients with Chronic Kidney Disease die? Yes, we cannot deny that patients with Chronic Kidney Disease will die early than the healthy people. So for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease, if they still have some remaining renal function, they should have some effective treatment as soon as possible to improve their renal function so that dialysis and kidney transplantation can be avoided or delayed. Is there an effective treatment that can stop the aggravation of the Chronic Kidney Disease?
If patient is being attacked by Chronic Kidney Disease, the doctor will give them some pills for high blood pressure if they have hypertension. If they have large volume of protein in urine, doctor will give them cyclophosphamide to remit their protein in urine. These medicine can only remit the symptoms of the patients. But the damaged kidneys cannot be repaired. So if the medicine is stopped, the symptoms will appear again.
Is there an effective treatment that can repair the damaged kidneys fundamentally? Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is an improvement of traditional Chinese herbal medicine, it is an external application. The substances of the medicine is being permeated into the kidney lesions with the help of osmosis devices, thus repairing the damaged kidneys fundamentally. If the kidneys can be repaired to some degree, the level of creatinine will be lowered down, and the protein in urine can be remited or even eliminated.
If patient’s kidneys have been damaged seriously, only Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can not repair them fundamentally, we must take Immunotherapy Transplantation into the treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease.
After being treated with these two treatment, the patient’s renal function can be improved greatly. But if the patient’s illness condition is too serious, our treatment can not help them. Because the therapeutic effect of our treatment is based on the patient’s current illness condition and renal function.

So I suggest patients with Chronic Kidney Disease can have treatment as soon as possible. If you are interested in our treatment, you can consult us online, or you can email me by me. It is our pleasure to help you!

If Your Glomerular Filtration Rate Is Lower Than 60

In clinic, glomerular filtration rate always is used as the index of reflecting renal function. for people with Chronic Kidney Disease, decreased glomerular filtration rate indicates that their kidneys have been damaged and if your glomerular filtration rate is lower than 60mL/min/1.73 m2, it tells that your disease has developed into stage 3.
People suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 usually have glomerular filtration rate in the range from 30mL/min/1.73 m2 to 59mL/min/1.73 m2. Generally speaking, blood flow in our body can get through glomerular filtration membrane and thus filter out the metabolic waste. Decreased glomerular filtration rate indicates that blood flow can not get through the filtration membrane, leading to the accumulation of waste products in the blood. Our kidneys have great reserve capacity, so at the very beginning, there are no symptoms at all and usually when Chronic Kidney Disease develops into stage 3, that is to say, when glomerular filtration rate is lower than 60 9mL/min/1.73 m2, then a series of symptoms will appear.
Our glomerular filtration membrane is composed of different functional cells and each of them has different functions. Thereby, due to the pathological change, people with Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 may have different symptoms. The possible symptoms appearing in stage 3 include foamy urine, frequent urination at night, vomit, nausea, swelling, changed urine color, lower appetite and itchy skin. In addition, people with Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD clinic), which is one of the common Chronic Kidney Disease, will have lower back pain.

People suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease stage 3 should receive treatment as soon as possible; otherwise, aggravated disease will make them miss the optimal time for treatment. Similar with other disease, the earlier people suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease receive treatment, the better the treatment effects are. Thereby, to avoid the bad consequence of dialysis and kidney transplant, it is very necessary for people to get their disease controlled. for more information, you can email to me or consult our consultant online.

Why Should People with Chronic Kidney Disease Change Their Dietary Habits

Healthy diet is important for we human being and each of us have different flavor. Some of us love spicy foods and some of us love sweet foods. However, no matter how much do you love these foods, you should change your flavor once you are diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease. Well then, why should people suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease change their dietary habits?
Usually, foods eaten by us will be disintegrated into simple substances which will get into our blood. With blood circulation, these simple substances are transferred into every part of our body. During the process of disintegrating, wastes will be formed. Accumulation of wastes in our blood can cause fatigue and weakness. In normal condition, our kidneys can help us discharge the wastes and fluids existing in our blood and at the same time retain the useful substances. While, as to people with Chronic Kidney Disease, their kidneys can not work well, so they have to have a change about the types and quality of foods eaten by them. Through changing the food types and food quality, we can help to reduce the burden of our kidneys and lower the morbidity of complications of Chronic Kidney Disease.
People suffer from different severity of Chronic Kidney Disease will have different dietary principles. For example, if people with Chronic Kidney Disease have swelling, then they need to reduce the intake of water. In addition, they have to limit the intake of salt as salt is rich in sodium. Accumulation of excessive water and sodium in our body is the one of major causes of Chronic Kidney Disease. Moreover, due to the easy appearance of Hyperkalemia, people suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease also should limit the intake of potassium. Protein which is one of the most important substances in maintaining our normal activities, so try to ingest enough protein is very necessary for us. However, for people with Chronic Kidney Disease, due to the renal damage, protein can not be kept in their body and as a result, large amount of protein leak out of their body along with urine. Proteinuria(Proteinuria and Kidney Disease) is manifested as foamy urine. Ingesting too much of protein will aggravate proteinuria symptom, so people with large amount of proteinuria usually are asked to limit the intake of protein.

Since unhealthy diet can help people with Chronic Kidney Disease get better recovery, it is necessary for them to change their dietary habits. For more information, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

Can Chronic Kidney Disease Be Successfully Treated

Once diagnosed with Chronic Kidney Disease, people usually are dejected and eager to know whether their disease can be successfully treated. They are worried as they know kidneys play an important role for us human being and Chronic Kidney Disease is hard to treat. Since kidney is so important, then can Chronic Kidney Disease be successfully treated?
Before we talk about the treatment, let’s find out why kidneys are so important.
Many people may know that the major functions of kidneys are to remove metabolin, toxic substances and excess fluid from our body, regulate the body’s salt, potassium and acid content as well. Our kidneys also produce hormones which can affect the function of our other organs. These functions are performed by different renal tissues, for example, the nutrient substances, fluid and electrolyte are excreted by glomerular filtration membrane which is composed by several types of renal functional cells. As these substances are filtered out, renal tubule will reabsorb most of the useful substances and the other wastes will get out of our body along with urine. Therefore, if our kidneys are damaged, urine will not be produced and the nutrient substances can not be kept in our body.
Chronic Kidney Disease means the progressive loss of renal function. It is a course of renal damage from mild to serious. In general, if Chronic Kidney Disease can be found in the early stage, then it is possible for us to treat it successfully. That is to say, the earlier the patients receive treatment, the higher possibility that they get radical recovery. This is the reason that we always ask people with Chronic Kidney Disease to receive effective treatment as early as possible. For serious Chronic Kidney Disease, the best treatment effect is to bring the disease under control and protect the remaining renal function. Therefore, if people suffering from early stage Chronic Kidney Disease can receive treatment timely and their disease is controlled, then the remaining renal function will be powerful enough to help them live a full life.

In brief, whether Chronic Kidney Disease can be successfully treated depends on the specific illness condition. If you want to know whether you can get radical recovery, then you can send your detailed illness condition to me or consult our consultant online.

2015年1月25日星期日

About Chronic Nephritis

As a common Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), glomeruloneohritis, or Chronic Nephritis can result in damage to the other organs. Chronic Nephritis is defined as an allergic disease and particularly is prone to young adults and people of middle aged.
Chronic Nephritis occurs because of slow, progressive destruction of the glomeruli, with continuous loss of kidney function. When kidneys can not play their functions properly, then Chronic Nephritis occurs. Too much of calcium in the blood also can cause Chronic Nephritis. For about fifty percent to twenty percent of people with Chronic Nephritis, their kidney disease is transformed by Acute Nephritis. Though many different causes can be blame for the onset of Chronic Nephritis, one of the most common cases is an allergic reaction to medicine.
Due to the different pathological change, people with Chronic Nephritis may have different symptoms and the common symptoms are as follow:
swelling(Swelling and Kidney Disease): During the whole progress, people suffering form it will have different level of swelling. For these with unserious Chronic Nephritis, their swelling usually is found around the eyes, in the face, and inside of ankles. In serious cases, swelling can be found in almost every part of the body.
High blood pressure (High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease): For people with Chronic Nephritis, high blood pressure occurs to them sooner or later. For some of them, high blood pressure is the one what makes them come to hospital at the beginning. High blood pressure appearing among people with Chronic Nephritis can be intermitted or persistent.
Changed urination: Urination change it the inevitable symptom which include both changed urine volume and abnormalities detected out through microscopic. Changed urine volume refers to the increased and decreased urine volume. Usually, the lesser the urine is, the more severe the swelling is.

As to the treatment of Chronic Nephritis, because there are different types of Chronic Nephritis, so the treatment of it depends on its causes and the type and severity of symptoms. If you want to know more about the Chronic Nephritis or its treatment, you can leave message to me or consult our consultant online.

About Hypertensive Nephropathy

Persistent high blood pressure can lead to kidney damage which is Hypertensive Nephropathy. This is a common form of renal disease and is a frequent cause of damage so severe that some patients require dialysis to maintain their life. Hypertensive Nephropathy contains two types, say benign nephrosclerosis and malignant nephrosclerosis.
People have kidney disease caused by high blood pressure usually have the following several symptoms: edema, massive proteinuria, hypoproteinemia and hyperlipemia. Moreover, among these symptoms, edema always appears firstly and in serious cases, people may have hydrothorax, ascites, much of which can cause hard breath, exomphalos and inguinal hernia. In addition, serious edema always is associated with high blood pressure, reduced urination and mild azotemia.
Since short-term high blood pressure can not cause damages on our kidneys, so people with Hypertensive Nephropathy usually already have high blood pressure for more than five to ten years. In the early stage of renal damage, people may just have frequent urination and then foamy urine which shows there are large amount of protein in the urine. In some cases, people have red urine caused by fracture of blood capillary. With low progress, Hypertensive Nephropathy rarely develops into renal failure. Therefore, as long as people receive effective treatment, they can live a full life as before.
People suffering from kidney disease caused by high blood pressure should have a healthy dietary arrangement under the direction of their doctors. They should avoid eating salty foods which will increase their blood pressure. Usually, six grams of salt a day is enough. Try to ingest right amount of protein and meanwhile, about sixty percent of the protein should be high-quality protein which mainly exists in lean meat, egg white and marine products. In addition, the specific volume of protein for people suffering from kidney disease depends on their illness condition. In general, if there are no obvious renal damages, then they should ingest about fifty grams a day. However, if there is obvious increase about creatinine(High Creatinine Levels) and urea nitrogen, then the intake of protein should be decrease to twenty to forty grams a day.

If you want to know more about Hypertensive Nephropathy, then you can leave message to me or consult our consultant online.

What Are the Five Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has a long development course and due to the severity of renal damage which is manifested as Glomurular Filtration Rate (GFR), this long course is separated into five stages. Well then, what are the corresponding GFR and symptoms in different stages? What we should do in different stages?
Stage one Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is characterized by GFR which is more than 90ml/min as well as mild kidney damage. In this stage, there is no symptom at all and the kidney damage is reversible. Therefore, people with stage one Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) should fond the root cause of it and then bring it under control.
When GFR decreases to the range from 60 to 89ml/min, then we can say Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has run to stage two. Similar to stage one, there are no symptoms observed in this stage. In addition,creatinine(High Creatinine Levels) and urea level are normal or slightly high. People with stage two Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) should monitor creatinine level, blood pressure and general health. Try some preventive measures to stop or slow down the worsening of kidney function.
With GFR ranging from 30 to 59ml/min, early symptoms which include elevated blood pressure, tiredness, poor appetite, itchy skin, urination changes and anemia can be felt. If treatment can not be given in this stage, these symptoms will become more and more serious which may affect their normal activities.
Characterized by GFR from 15 to 29ml/min, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in stage four have more serious symptoms. What’s worse; severe complications such as cardiovascular disease will be caused. In this stage, if people receive effective treatment actively, then it is still possible for them to get their disease controlled. Usually, people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) need to prepare for dialysis or kidney transplant, if they do not determine to receive any therapies.
The last stage is stage five and in this stage, the GFR is lesser than 15ml/min. Most of the time, only by doing dialysis or kidney transplant, can they live a normal life.

Although with dialysis or kidney transplant, people with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can live a normal life, kidney transplant and dialysis is very expensive. Moreover, these two methods also can put them in danger. Therefore, people suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)  should receive effective treatment as early as possible, so as to prevent Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in early stages from developing into stage 5. For more information, please email to me or consult our consultant online.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stages

There are total five stages about Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the division of stage is mainly based on the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) which is an important index measuring renal function.
Among these stages, kidney function is normal in stage 1 and slightly decreased in stage 2. Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) usually appear as early as stage 3 and become more severe in stage 4. With the arrival of stage 5, people suffering from CKD begin to do dialysis or kidney transplant which are two traditional methods for people with seriously damaged kidneys to adopt.
In the first two stages, say stage 1 and stage 2, renal damages are not strong enough to affect our normal life, so we usually do not feel uncomfortable and as result, CKD in early stage is hard to be found. GFR in these two stages are more than 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 and 60~89 mL/min/1.73 m2.
As kidneys are damaged further, a series of symptoms eventually appear in stage 3 in which the corresponding GFR is 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 ~ 59 mL/min/1.73 m2.The possible symptoms in stage 3 are fatigue (Fatigue and Kidney Disease), swelling, foamy urine, frequent urination at night, vomit, lower back pain, nausea (Nausea and Vomiting for Kidney Disease), high blood pressure (High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease), changed urine color and itchy skin and so on. Although these are caused by renal damage, they play a role in aggravating Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) , so removing these symptoms by bringing CKD under control is of great importance.
Usually, stage 4 which is characterized by GFR ranging from 15 to 29 mL/min/1.73 m2 is the period that needs people suffering from it to prepare for dialysis or kidney transplant. However, nowadays, with the development of medical technology, it is possible for people with stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) to get their disease controlled as long as they receive the effective treatment.
The last stage, say Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage 5, is the end stage of renal failure which indicates that people with it have to do dialysis or kidney transplant. In addition, GFR in this stage is less than 15mL/min/1.73 m2.

Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can help people understand kidney disease very well, so have a through knowledge is essential for people with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) . These are jus the basic information about Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stages, if you want to know more details, you can leave message to me or consult our consultant online.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Stage 4

People suffering from stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) have advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in the glomerular filtration rate to 15~30ml/min.
Since the glomerular filtration rate of CKD in stage 4 is so low, at that time, the kidneys can not help us live a normal life any more. With serious impairment of renal function, people with suffering from stage 4 CKD usually have the following several symptoms.
* Urination change: Our kidneys have the unction of regulating the generation of urine. As to people with stage 4 CKD, their kidneys are damaged and can not regulate the generation of urine any more, so their urination condition is different from healthy people. They may have to get up for several times to urinate at night and their urine may appear to be brown, red, dark orange and teat colored. In addition, they usually found there are lots of foams in their urine.
* Edema: As kidneys lose their ability of regulating fluid, for people with stage 4 CKD, they usually have swelling around their eyelids, in their face and inside their ankles.
* Fatigue(Fatigue and Kidney Disease): Renal damages can causes decrease of red blood cells, which is called anemia in clinic. With anemia, people suffering from CKD stage 4 will feel tired all the time.
* Itchy skin(Skin Itching and Kidney Disease): Accumulation of toxic substances caused by impairment of renal function will give rise to itchy skin, muscle cramp and restless legs, which always make awaking at night.
*Backache: In general, people with CKD in stage 4 have no backache, but with some kinds of kidney diseases such as Polycystic Kidney Disease, Kidney Cyst or infections, they may feel pain in the location of their kidneys.

Generally speaking, it is necessary for people with Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) Stage 4 to learn about dialysis or kidney transplant because without effective treatment, they will face dialysis or kidney transplant. However, it does not mean that people with CKD in stage 4 will eventually do dialysis or kidney transplant. As long as they receive effective treatment and then bring their disease under control, it is possible for them to avoid dialysis and kidney transplant. for more information or treatment of CKD in stage 4, you can email to me or consult our consultant online.

Brief Introduction about Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)

Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a kind of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and the followings are the brief introduction about it.
What is FSGS?
FSGS means the formation of scars in the kidneys and it can only be seen clearly under the microscope. FSGS is the primary glomerular disease which is common in Nephrotic Syndrome and it occurs mainly in youngsters.
Symptoms of FSGS
Among people with FSGS, about two-thirds of them have massive proteinurine and serious swelling. Over half of the sufferers have hematuria which includes gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria. In addition, microscopic hematuria is more common. With different pathological category, people suffering from FSGS will have different symptoms.
Causes of FSGS
To be honest, no one knows the fully causes of FSGS and in clinic, different disease can cause the same appearance in the kidney and it seems that the general cause of it is immunological.
Complications of FSGS
FSGS can cause many complications which refer to infection, thrombus, acute renal failure as well as dysfunction of protein and fat. Among these complications, thrombus is caused by hyperlipidaemia which may also cause complications in cardiovascular Immunotherapy. Moreover, decrease of immune globulin can give rise to lower immunity, which makes people are susceptible to other diseases.
Prevention of FSGS
To avoid FSGS, we should start from our daily life. About diet, we should arrange a scientific diet and try to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Do exercises regularly which will help to increase our immunity. Avoid overstrain and form good living habits. Besides, for these who already have diagnosed with FSGS, apart from the several points mentioned above, they also should prevent the complications as these complications may speed up the progress of their disease and sometimes, the complications are the real causes of their death.

Compared with other kinds of Chronic Kidney Disease, although FSGS is not so common, it has deprived so many people’s life. Therefore, having a though knowledge about is very necessary.

2015年1月24日星期六

Stage 3 Kidney Disease

Damages on kidney can be divided into Acute and Chronic Kidney Disease which usually is shorted as CKD. Chronic Kidney Disease has a long progress course and this course is separated into five stages. Here this article gives an introduction about stage 3 kidney disease.
Stage 3 kidney disease is characterized by glomerular filtration rate ranging from 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 to 59 mL/min/1.73 m2. Usually in stage 3, kidney disease always presents some symptoms which include swelling, fatigue, frequent urination at night, changed urine color, foamy urine, vomit, poor appetite and lower back pain. These symptoms are common in our daily life, so they are very easy to be overlooked. Therefore, sometimes, even if kidney disease has presented some signs, some people still have not realized that they are sick. This is why Chronic Kidney Disease is hard to be founded in the early stages.
Although Chronic Kidney Disease is hard to be treated, actually, it is quite possible for sufferers to get recovery and the precondition is that they must get their disease treated in the very early stage. As to people with stage 3 kidney disease, their kidneys have been damaged greatly and already can not help them maintain the basic normal life. Therefore, usually, it is nearly impossible for them to get radical recovery, but as long as they receive effective treatment and follow the directions of doctors, then they are quite likely to live a normal life with their disease.
Treatment of stage 3 kidney disease not only refers to the medical treatment, but also the assistant treatment as dietetic therapy. Apart from these, good living habits also are very important for sufferers of Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease. (For the specific dietary principles and living habits, you can consult our consultant online)

Kidney disease in stage 3 is not as serious as many people have imagined, but if we just leave it uncontrolled, it will deprive our life finally.

Must Renal Proteinuria Indicate Nephritis

Must renal proteinuria indicate nephritis? Many people with proteinuria are concerned about this and doubt whether they have got renal disease. Firstly, let’s look at the definition of renal proteinuria.
Renal proteinuria means that test on renal proteinuria shows it is positive, or the amount of protein in urine is more than 150 mg/24h. As a matter of fact, the proteinuria (Proteinuria and Kidney Disease) we mentioned above is pathological proteinuria. Besides this, there is physiological proteinuria, which is a kind of normal, temporary, mild and benign proteinuria. In our daily life, some healthy people can have mild renal proteinuria. The conditions are as follows:
1. fever
The climax period of all kinds of fever can lead to renal proteinuria. After fever fades, renal proteinuria will also disappears consequently, which is maybe related to increased renal flow volume and the increased permeability of renal filtration.
2. chill
In winter or cold atmosphere, people can have temporary and mild renal proteinuria, which results from temporary spasm of renal blood vessels.
3 exercise
After strenuous exercise or labor, people can also have renal hematuria, which may be related to the sharply increased blood flow in kidney and the increased adrenergic.
So it is not scientific to identify all proteinuria a sign of chronic nephritis. As long as the inducement is diminished, renal proteinuria will disappear consequently.
If people’s proteinuria was diagnosed with a sign of chronic kidney disease, do not panic and receive treatment at once. Once the treatment is timely and effective, symptoms can be controlled well. Now maybe many people are interested in why proteinuria appears and in other words, they wonder the pathological damage of the kidney when proteinuria appears.
Actually, in kidney, there are more than one million renal units. Renal units consist of renal glomeruli, renal tubules, etc. they are all functional unites. For example, in renal glomeruli, there are filtration membranes. If they are damaged, some macro-molecules such as proteinuria will leak out, leading to proteinuria eventually.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can repair the damaged renal filtration membrane, through which, the proteinuria will disappear eventually. If you want to get more introduction about how Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy diminishes proteinuria, please consult the experts online or email us

Diagnosis of Diabetic Nephropathy

Diabetic Nephropathy is a kind of disease which damages both kidney and other organs in the whole body. So it is necessary to have an earlier diagnosis so as to prevent more damage. Which examinations should people take to diagnose whether they have had Diabetic Nephropathy?
Generally, the examinations which they should take to diagnose Diabetic Nephropathy are as follows:
The first one is physical examination.
Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy can have different degree of high blood pressure, edema, and even ascites, hydrothorax and so on. In addition, they also have complication of Diabetic Retinopathy. The above mentioned are about the common diagnosis of Diabetic Nephropathy.
The second one is assistant examination, which includes the following aspects.
1. glucose
Glucose is an easy way to judge whether people have Diabetes. Diabetic Nephropathy can be false negative or false positive, which is the main diagnosis evidence of Diabetic Nephropathy.
2. urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER)
Urinary albumin excretion rate is an important index which can be used to diagnose early-stage Diabetic Nephropathy. When the urinary albumin excretion rate is more than 200μg/min, or when TUPr is more than 0.5g/24h, people can be diagnosed with Diabetic Nephropathy. Generally, the sediment in the urine is not obvious. When there are more white blood cells, it indicates urinary tract infection. When there are enough red blood cells, it indicates that there is hematuria caused by other reasons.
3. At the end stage of Diabetic Nephropathy, patients can also have decreased clearance rate of endogenous creatinine, increased blood urea nitrogen and increased serum creatinine- High Creatinine Levels.
4. At the early stage of Diabetic Nephropathy, patients can have increased glomerular filtration rate and increased kidney size. But in uremia stage, the size of kidney does not become smaller obviously.
5. To diagnose Diabetic Nephropathy, people should also have examination of eye ground. They should also have a fundus imaging, which can show the diabetic eye lesion such as microaneurysm.

Last but not least, people who have Diabetes should monitor the blood sugar strictly, because long time high blood sugar will lead to damage in kidney easily.

Is Stage 4 CKD Serious

As for chronic kidney disease is a kind of latent disease, sometimes when it is detected, the disease maybe already gets into late stages.
Some people may not have a general idea about what's the meaning of stage 4 CKD, here we provide a brief introduction about CKD.
There are totally 5 stages of CKD all together based on GFR/eGFR. In stage 4, GFR/eGFR is between 15-29, with corresponding creatinine level 451-707μmol/L (5.1-7.9mg/dL ), kidney damage is severe.
The patients may have obvious clinical manifestations, and if the disease progress can't be controlled at this stage, the deterioration rate will become fast, and develop into end-stage kidney failure. And when it develops to later stage, the kidney damage is irreversible.
So once you have found out the kidney disease, it's better to take action early, before the damage is too severe, then you may delay or avoid dialysis or kidney transplant.

Different Stages of Diabetic Nephropathy

In daily life, when we find out that a person have Diabetic Nephropathy, he has had obvious proteinuria, edema or serious high blood pressure. They can also suffer from renal function decline. So patients with Diabetic Nephropathy want to know the different stages of it so as to receive specific treatment. When the blood sugar is high, kidney is in the high filtration. After a long process, patients may develop into obvious Nephrotic Syndrome and have renal damage. How to judge the different stages of Nephrotic Syndrome? According to the clinical symptoms and the damage in the kidney, Nephrotic Syndrome can be divided into five stages.
In the first stage, patients with Diabetic Nephropathy are in the high filtration stage. This stage is characterized by increased GFR(glomerular filtration rate), and increased kidney size. Diabetics who are diagnosed with IDDM have had these changes. At the same time, blood flow in the kidney and perfusion and inner pressure in the capillary blood cells are both high.
In the second stage, patients with Diabetic Nephropathy have normal albumin. The blood pressure in the first and second stage is usually normal. Their GFR(glomerular filtration rate)increases. UAE is normal.
In the third stage, patients with Diabetic Nephropathy have a little increased blood pressure. Declining blood pressure can decrease the discharge of trace albumin to a degree. It is obvious in this stage that GBM becomes thicker. In addition, the matrix in mesangial area is also more obvious.
In the fourth stage, patients with Diabetic Nephropathy have large amount of proteinuria, which is unselective proteinuria. Blood pressure increases, and the GBM becomes thicker obviously. Matrix in mesangial area becomes wider as well. In addition, deserted glomeruli increased.
In the fifth stage, patients with Diabetic Nephropathy develop into renal failure. In this stage, patients have continuous proteinuria. The filtration function declines progressively, which leads to renal failure. Serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen increase which are accompanied by high blood pressure, hypoproteinemia and edema. In addition, patients in this stage can also have poor appetite, vomiting, nausea, and so on, all of which are actually symptoms of uremia.

So from the above mentioned, we can get a conclusion that we should find out Diabetic Nephropathy as soon as possible so that effective measures can be taken to prevent it from deteriorating.

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